From the fall of the «junta» to «Change»: the «timid» transition of higher education in Greece (1974-1982)

Vangelis Karamanolakis

Abstract


This paper focuses on Greek higher education and the transition from dictatorship to democracy, between the fall of the junta in 1974 and the ascent to power of the socialist government of Andreas Papandreou in 1981. It analyzes the developments, recording them in the history of tertiary education in Greece and considering them in the context of the political and social conjuncture. Main sources for writing this article were legal provisions, the press and the few relevant studies that deal with the topic. The basic working hypothesis of the paper is that the fall of the dictatorship and the participation of the student movement in the fight against the dictatorship unleashed forces within university institutions –that had already acquired a mass character since the 1960s– which claimed a more substantial role in their administration and operation. The purging of academic staff of junta elements provided an initial sample of this change. The challenging of university hierarchies, the quest for equality and democratization, and the dissolution of hitherto «sacrosanct» areas were demands put forward both by the student movement and auxiliary teaching staff, which faced the hostility of professors and the suspicion of executive power. The organized, unprecedented in intensity and methods and successful response of the bodies that claimed a new role vis-à-vis the government’s attempt to discipline the students and meet only a part of the demands of auxiliary staff were good indications of events and, at the same time, laid the groundwork for the important changes that would be effected in the following decade by a new political authority.

How to reference this article

Karamanolakis, V. (2015). From the fall of the «junta» to «Change»: the «timid» transition of higher education in Greece (1974-1982). Espacio, Tiempo y Educación, 2(2), 33-48. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/ete.2015.002.002.003


Keywords


Greece; university; transition; democracy; student movement; university staff

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bouzakis, S. (Ed.). (2006). Η πανεπιστημιακή εκπαίδευση στην Ελλάδα (1836-2005). Τεκμήρια ιστορίας [University education in Greece (1836-2005). Historical evidence], vol. B (1926-2005). Athens: Gutenberg.

Clogg, R. (2013). A Concise History of Greece [Breve historia de Grecia]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 3rd ed.

Close, D. H. (1995). The Origins of the Greek Civil War [Los orígenes de la guerra civil griega]. London: Routlegde.

Dimaras, A. (2013). Ιστορία της Νεοελληνικής Εκπαίδευσης. Το «ανακοπτόμενο άλμα». Τάσεις και αντιστάσεις στην ελληνική εκπαίδευση 1833-2000 [History of Modern Greek Education. The «frustrated leap». Trends and resistances in Greek education 1833-2000]. Athens: Metaihmio.

Gavroglou, K., Karamanolakis, V., Barkoula, C. (2014). Ιστορία του Πανεπιστημίου Αθηνών. 1837-1937 [The University of Athens and its history, 1837-1937]. Iraklio: Panemistimiakes Ekdoseis Kritis [University of Crete Publications].

Karamanolakis, V. (2010). Η αντίσταση των νέων εναντίον του δικτατορικού καθεστώτος [The resistance of youth against the dictatorial regime]. In Karamanolakis, V. (Ed.), Η στρατιωτική δικτατορία 1967-1974 [The military dictatorship 1967-1974] (pp. 161-174). Athens: ΤA ΝΕΑ/Ιστορία.

Kladis, D., Panousis, G. (1984). O Νόμος Πλαίσιο για τα Ανώτατα Εκπαιδευτικά Ιδρύματα. [The «framework law» for Higher Education], vol. Α. Athens-Komotini: Sakkoulas.

Kornetis, K. (2013). Children of the Dictatorship: Student Resistance, Cultural Politics and the «Long 1960s’» in Greece [Los niños de la dictadura: resistencia estudiantil, cultura política y los «largos 1960s» en Grecia]. New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books.

Krimpas, C. (1993). Η επιτροπή Δοξιάδη για τα μεταπτυχιακά και η εισήγησή της [The Doxiadis committee on graduate studies and its recommendations]. In Θραύσματα Κατόπτρου. Δοκίμια [Mirror Fragments. Essays] (pp. 261-272). Athens: Themelio.

Krimpas, C. (1998). H Ανώτατη Παιδεία στον καιρό της χούντας [Higher education during the military junta]. Offprint from ANTI magazine. Athens.

Krimpas, C. (2003). Ανώτατη παιδεία και έρευνα, 1974-2000 [Higher Education and Research, 1974-2000]. In Panagiotopoulos, V. (Ed), Ιστορία του Νέου Ελληνισμού, 1770-2000 [History of Modern Hellenism 1770-2000], (10th v., p. 146). Athens: Ellinika Grammata.

Margaritis, G. (2001). Ιστορία του ελληνικού εμφυλίου πολέμου 1946-1949 [History of the Greek Civil War 1946-1949]. Athens: Vivliorama.

Mazower, M. (Ed.). (2000). After the War was Over: Reconstructing the State, Family and the Law in Greece, 1943–1960 [Después del final de la guerra: la reconstrucción del Estado, la familia y la ley en Grecia, 1943-1960]. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Papadogiannis, N. (2010). Greek Communist Youth and the Politicisation of Leisure, 1974-1981 [La Juventud Comunista griega y la politización del ocio, 1974-1981]. (Unpublished Thesis). University of Cambridge, Cambridge.

Taliadouros, A. (1982). Η μεταρρύθμιση στην ανώτατη εκπαίδευση (1974-1982) [The reform in higher education (1974-1982)]. Athens.

Vryhea, A., Gavroglou, C. (1982). Απόπειρες μεταρρύθμισης της Ανώτατης Εκπαίδευσης 1911-1981 [Attempts at reform in higher education 1911-1981] (pp. 78-83). Thessaloniki: Syghrona Themata.

Xyrotiris, I. (1979, Nov. 24). Η πολιτικοποίηση στις ανώτατες σχολές [Politicization in higher education]. Kathimerini.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/ete.2015.002.002.003

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c)

ISSN: 2340-7263

DOI prefix: 10.14516/ete

URL: www.espaciotiempoyeducacion.com

FahrenHouse: Salamanca, Spain

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)