History of the Reception of Montessori Education in Japan

Mika Yonezu

Abstract


This paper focuses on the history of the reception of Montessori Education, and sheds light on the development of childhood education in Japan. From its first adoption in the 1910s until today, the Montessori style of Education has been both praised and criticised. Nevertheless, this period has seen three distinct phases of theory and practice. The first stage (1910s-1930s) saw, from its initial adoption, a rapid acceptance of Montessori Education, due to its promise of early education and new teaching methods promoting freedom for children. However, the method soon lost popularity because some educators criticized the weakness of Montessori’s theory. In the second stage (1930s-post-World War II), interest in the method continued to grow, albeit gradually, and several books published on the Montessori Method in Europe and America were translated into Japanese. The third stage (1950s-present) saw the so-called «Montessori revival», in which the method caught on again with many educators. Many original works were translated, numerous studies on Montessori appeared, and the number of kindergartens and nursery schools using the Montessori Method increased. Much has been said both for and against Montessori’s concept of «freedom for children». Recently, however «learning from the environment» has become an important topic in early childhood education in Japan. Montessori attaches importance to children’s freedom to interact with each other and their environment, leading to a renewed interest in the Montessori method and the theory behind it. This paper seeks to clarify the transitions in the popularity of Montessori Education and analyse its value to Japan.


Keywords


history of the reception; Montessori; Montessori Education; Japan; environment; childhood education

Full Text:

PDF

References


Egusa, Y., Yamaguchi, S., & Okuyama, K. (1978). A Study of Cylinder Blocks of Montessori’s Material Tools. Montessori Education, 11, 18-25.

Fujiwara, K. (1943). The history about theories of education and educators the third volume: the Taisho period. Shonan-Do Publication.

Hirano, T. (1976). The Meaning and Problems about Montessori Education Today (2). Bulletin of Sofia University School of Education, 55-69.

Hiratsuka, M. (1932). The Montessori Movement in the West. Study of Educational Trends, 6(1), 136-151.

Japan Association Montessori (1968). Prospectus for Establishment of Japan Association Montessori. Montessori Education, 1, 71.

Kilpatrick, W. H. (1914). The Montessori System Examined. Houghton Mifflin Company.

Kobayashi, K. (1983). Foundation of Childcare of Infant. In Okada, M. (Ed.), The World’s Early Childhood Education 2 (pp.13-80). Japan Library Publication.

Kurahashi, S. (1912). The Education of Montessori. The Journal of Psychological Reserch, 304-312.

Martin, J. (1995). The Schoolhome: Rethinking Schools for Changing Families. Harvard University Press.

Ministry of Education (1989). National Curriculum Standard for Kindergartens.

Ministry of Education (1998). National Curriculum Standard for Kindergartens.

Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (2008). National Curriculum Standard for Kindergartens.

Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (2017). National Curriculum Standard for Kindergartens.

Ministry of Health and Welfare (1990). National Guidelines for Nursery Centers.

Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (2017). National Guidelines for Nursery Centers.

Montessori, M. (1909). Il metodo della pedagogia scientifica applicato all’educazione infantile nelle case dei bambini. Roma: Max bretschneider.

Montessori, M. (1912). The Montessori Method: Scientific pedagogy as applied to child education in «The Children House», (tr.by Anne E.George). New York: Schocken Books.

Montessori, M. (1916). L’autoeducazione nelle scuole elementari. In Rome, P. Maglione & Strini, C., Montessori, The advanced Montessori method. New York: Frederick A. Stokes Company.

Montessori, M. (1966 -1948-). What you should know about your child. Adyer: Kalakshetra Publications.

Morita, M. (1928). The True Character and Treatment for Nervousness. Hakuyo-Caompany.

Morita, M. (1935). Lecture on Psychotherapy. Hakuyo-Company.

Moriue, S. (1984). Child-centered Childcare. Kyoiku-Publication.

Nishikawa, H. (2000). Acceptance of the Montessori Method in Taisho Era: Focusing on the Material Tools of Montessori, Research on Early Childhood Care and Education, 38(2), 144-152.

Noguchi, E. (1921). Unrestricted Education and Material Tools for an Elementary School Student. Syusei-Company.

Okamoto, H. (2016). Achieving Inclusive Education in Early Childhood: From the View Point of an Affinity between Inclusive Education and Montessori Education. Montessori Education, 49, 100-113.

Rambush, N. (1962). Learning How to Learn. Helicon Press.

Tanimoto, T. (1919). A Lecture on Education for Kindergarten in Kobe. Preschool Education, 19(6), 273-277.

Tsuchiyama, K., Asano, K., & Matsuda, M. (1978). Acceptance of the Montessori method in Japan: circumstances at the initial stage. Bulletin of Naruto University of Education, 8, 111-122.

Tsuda, R. (1977). A Study about Practice of Montessori Education: Guidance Taking Preference of Individual in Different Age Group. Collection of 30th Conference of Japan Society of Research on Early Childhood Care and Education, 30, 164.

Tsutsumi, T. (1967a). Auto-Education of Infant. Infant and Childcare, 13(1), 78-79.

Tsutsumi, T. (1967b). Childcare of Free from Restrictions. Infant and Childcare, 13(6), 82-83.

Tsutsumi, T., & Sugo, H. (1975). A coincidence of meeting Montessori at the age of 70 and a human background. Preschool Education, 74(3), 20-30.

Yonezu, M. (2013). A study about the specialization of childcarer: from the view of «supporting» and «being with children». Montessori Education, Practice and Study about Childcare, 18(1), 68-78.

Yoshioka, T. (1999a). Tendencies about Montessori Education in Japan: the situation in a prewar period (1). Montessori Education, 32, 35-48.

Yoshioka, T. (1999b). Montessori and Japan. In Luhmer, K. (Ed.), The road to Montessori Education (pp.35-48). Gakuen-Company.

Yoshioka, T. (2000). Tendencies about Montessori Education in Japan (2): the Situation in Learning and Conference. Montessori Education, 33, 70-94.

Zen, T. (1915). Conference of Childcare in Kansai Region. Woman and Child, 15(4), 151-158.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/ete.227

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Espacio, Tiempo y Educación

ISSN: 2340-7263

DOI prefix: 10.14516/ete

URL: www.espaciotiempoyeducacion.com

FahrenHouse: Salamanca, Spain

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)